Responsibility Accounting Reports for Profit Centers Will Include

Responsibility Accounting Reports for Profit Centers Will Include

Responsibility centers
are identifiable segments inside a company for which individual managers have accepted say-so and accountability. Responsibility centers define exactly what assets and activities each managing director is responsible for.

How to classify whatever given department depends on which aspects of the business organisation the department has dominance over.

Managers prepare a responsibleness written report to evaluate the performance of each responsibility center. This report compares the responsibleness center’s budgeted performance with its actual performance, measuring and interpreting private variances. Responsibleness reports should include but controllable costs and then that managers are not held answerable for activities they take no control over. Using a flexible budget is helpful for preparing a responsibility report.

Revenue centers

Revenue centers usually have authority over sales only and have very little control over costs. To evaluate a acquirement center’s functioning, expect but at its revenues and ignore everything else.

Revenue centers have some drawbacks. Their evaluations are based entirely on sales, so acquirement centers have no reason to control costs. This kind of free rein encourages Al the concession director to hire extra employees or to find other plush ways to increment sales (giving away salty treats to increase potable purchases, perhaps).

Price centers

Cost centers

Cost centers usually produce appurtenances or provide services to other parts of the company. Because they simply make goods or services, they have no control over sales prices and therefore can exist evaluated based only on their total costs.

One way for a cost center to reduce costs is to buy inferior materials, but doing and so hurts the quality of finished goods. When dealing with toll centers, you must carefully monitor the quality of goods.

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Profit centers

Profit centers

Profit centers are businesses within a larger business organisation, such as the private stores that make up a mall, whose managers relish control over their own revenues and expenses. They oftentimes select the merchandise to buy and sell, and they have the power to set their own prices.

Profit centers are evaluated based on controllable margin — the deviation between controllable revenues and controllable costs. Exclude all noncontrollable costs, such every bit allocated overhead or other indirect fixed costs, from the evaluation. The beautiful thing about running a profit center is that doing so gives managers an incentive to do exactly what the company wants: earn profits.

Classifying responsibility centers as profit centers has disadvantages. Although they become evaluated based on revenues and expenses, no one pays attention to their employ of avails. This scenario gives managers an incentive to use excessive assets to heave profits.

For managers, the upside of using more than assets is the resulting increases in sales and profits. What’s the downside? Well, zero; managers of profit centers aren’t held accountable for the assets that they use.

This flaw in the evaluation of profit centers can be addressed past carefully monitoring how profit centers utilize assets or by simply reclassifying a profit center as an investment centre.

Investment centers

You could telephone call investment centers the luxury cars of responsibleness centers because they feature everything. Managers of investment centers have authority over — and are held responsible for — revenues, expenses, and investments made in their centers. Return on investment (ROI) is often used to evaluate their performance.

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To improve return on investment, the manager tin can either increase controllable margin (profits) or decrease average operating assets (improve productivity).

Using return on investment to evaluate investment centers addresses many of the drawbacks involved in evaluating revenue centers, costs centers, and turn a profit centers. However, classification equally an investment center can encourage managers to emphasize productivity over profitability — to work harder to reduce assets (which increases ROI) rather than to increment overall profitability.

About This Article

About the volume author:

Mark P. Holtzman, PhD, CPA, is Chair of the Department of Bookkeeping and Taxation at Seton Hall University. He has taught accounting at the college level for 17 years and runs the Accountinator website at, which gives applied accounting advice to entrepreneurs.

This article can be found in the category:

  • General Accounting

Responsibility Accounting Reports for Profit Centers Will Include


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